Natural Low GI Fruit Sugar

Types of Sweeteners


Globally, sugar and sweetener consumption has risen by 20% per person.*17

Starting small by choosing a healthier alternative of sweeteners will make a huge difference to your health.

 

 

 

 

     

    5.1 Choosing Carbohydrate/ Natural Sweetener


    Table 5.1
    Glycaemic Index (GI) for Carbohydrate Sweeteners.
Carbohydrate sweetener Glycaemic Index (GI) Relative Sweetness compared to Sucrose = 100 Percentage of sugar components
Glucose/Dextrose*13,14 96 67 100% Glucose
Maltose*13 105   50% Glucose + 50% Glucose
Sucrose/ Table sugar*14,20 65 100 100% Sucrose (50% Glucose + 50% Fructose)
Lactose*13 46   50% Glucose + 50% Galactose
Honey*13 55   28%-46% Fructose + Glucose
Maple Syrup*19 54  

60% Sucrose

Trace Glucose + Fructose
High Fructose Corn Syrup (HCFS-55)*14,21 63 99 55% Fructose + 42% Glucose
Agave Nectar*13 11   90% Fuctose + 10% Glucose
Fructose*4,14,19 19-23 ≈120 – 180 100% Fructose

Note that -
1. High fructose corn syrup (HCFS-55) and Fructose are two different types of sweeteners.
2. The sweetness level of fructose varies according to temperature due to its’ unique natural properties.
3. Fun fact: Fructose is sweeter in cold conditions

 

 

 

5.2 Benefits of an Alternative Natural Sweetener; Crystalline Fructose


American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2014 nutrition therapy recommendations*6
Fructose is natural and the sweetest of all natural sweeteners.
It is known as fruit sugar because it can be naturally found in fruits and honey


Benefits of Fine Foods® Crystalline Fructose

•  Tastes just like natural sugar

•  Sweeter: encourages less calories

•  Low in glycaemic index (GI≈19), ideal for blood sugar control

•  Tastes good in beverages, cooking and baking

•  Reduces dental caries

 

Evidence: Consumption of fructose vs. other carbohydrate sugar in diabetics improves glycaemic control without affecting insulin.*3,6
•  Consumption of 55 - 120/day carbohydrate sugar for 4 - 14 weeks

•  Fructose ≈ 0.53% HbA1c

•  Note: Most oral anti-diabetic drugs 0.5%-1% HbA1c18

 

 

Table 5.2
Example of Applications of Crystalline Fructose
*14

 

sweetness
sugar added

Calories Flavour Enhancement Humectant
(Ability to retain moisture)
Better texture Solubility
Lite’ pancake, carbonated beverages 1/3        
Breakfast cereal        
Yogurt, chocolate milk        
Baked goods      
Sports drinks      
Confectionary        
Health products        

 

 

 

5.3 All About Sugar Alcohol & Non-Nutritive Sweetener

 

Note: Sugar alcohol & Non-nutritive sweeteners may contain carbohydrate; dextrose, maltodextrin or lactose. Diabetics should be cautious and include these calories in their carbohydrate limits as insulin is required for the metabolism.

Food products/sweeteners that have 5 or fewer calories per serving are permitted to be labelled as containing "0" calories.

 

 

Table 5.3
Glycaemic Index (GI) for Sugar Alcohol Sweeteners
.*1,5,17

Sugar Alcohol

Glycaemic Index (GI)

kcal/g Relative Sweetness compared to Sucrose = 100 aADI (mg/kg BW/day)
Sorbitol*2,11 9 2.6 54 – 70 50g; Excess consumption may have a laxative effect
Mannitol*2 0 1.6 70 20g; Excess consumption may have a  laxative effect
Xylitol*2 13 2.4 100 Not specified. Excess consumption may have a  laxative effect
Erythritol*5 0 0.2 60 – 80 0.5g; Excess consumption may have a  laxative effect

 

 

Table 5.4     
 7 Non-nutritive Sweetener “Generally Recognized as Safe” (GRAS) approved by the Food and Drug Association (FDA)
*1,7

Non-nutritive Sweetener

Glycaemic Index (GI)

kcal/g Relative Sweetness compared to Sucrose = 100 aADI (mg/kg BW/day)
Acesulfame-K*7,9
may contain Lactose
0 0 200 15
Aspartame*16
may contain dextrose with maltodextrin or lactose
0 4 160 – 220 15
Luo Han Guo Extract*6,7 0 2 150 – 300 N/A
Neotame*10,15 0 0 7 000 – 13 000 2
Saccharin*7 0 0 300 5
Stevia*7
may contain lactose
0 0 250 4
Sucralose*12 0 0 600 5

Carbohydrate; Dextrose, maltodextrin or lactose added to decrease the intense artificial sweetness and as a bulking agent.
amg/kg BW/day = milligram/kilogram body weight/day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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