GLOSSARY






Magnesium

Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body and is essential to good health. Approximately 50% of total body magnesium is found in bone. the other half is found predominantly inside cells of body tissues and organs. Magnesium is needed for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. It helps :

•  Maintain normal muscle and nerve function, keeps heart rhythm steady.

•  Supports a healthy immune system

•  Keeps bones strong

•  Regulates blood sugar levels

•  Promotes normal blood pressure

•  Involved in energy metabolism and protein synthesis.

•  Said to prevent and manage disorders such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.


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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels (arteries, capillaries and veins). It is a disorder that affects the cardiovascular system. It is considered a non communicable disease (NCD).

There are many types of cardiovascular diseases such as :

•  Coronary heart disease

•  Congenital heart disease

•  Stroke or Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

•  Congestive heart failure

•  Peripheral arterial disease or peripheral vascular diseases

•  Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism

•  Rheumatic heart disease


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Non-Communicable Disease


A non-communicable disease, or NCD, is a medical condition or disease which by definition is non-infectious and non-transmissible among people. NCDs may be chronic diseases of long duration and slow progression, or they may result in more rapid death such as some types of sudden stroke. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports NCDs to be by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing over 60% of all deaths.


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